Muslim speed dating birmingham 2013

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In recent years there have been major ongoing debates in academia and in public life concerning the marriage and family practices observed by European Muslims, and the extent to which these do or can operate within or alongside the jurisdiction of local civil laws in European countries. Recent studies, for example, have examined issues such as the registration or otherwise of Muslim marriages in civil law 4 ; the existence of non-state dispute resolution bodies 5 ; the judicial recognition of Islamic divorces, or of mahr bridal dowry or other Islamic legal contracts in European courts 6 ; and the difficulties caused by controversial Muslim marriage practices such as polygamy or child marriages that appear to be in conflict with Western laws.

The papers collected in this Special Issue of the Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs represent a selection from two conferences held in the U. We are extremely grateful to all the presenters and participants who participated in both these conferences, and to their funders, for helping to generate these discussions.

This conference addressed the question of how far the practices of marriage and divorce among Muslims in European countries are influenced by the legal and political approaches to the laws of religious minority communities within these nations, and the ways in which these nations manage, facilitate or restrict these practices.

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This conference handled the pressing questions of how the movement of migrants and refugees from Muslim majority countries into Europe has brought about huge complexities in marriage laws: for instance, the ability of courts to recognise marriages across legal jurisdictions, and the development of alternative marriage practices such as mixed-faith marriages. Bringing together the themes discussed at both these conferences, this Special Issue of JMMA fills a gap in existing literature on Muslim marriages in Europe.

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It sheds light on the historical developments of different forms of Muslim marital unions and dissolutions in Europe, and examines the extent to which they may or may not be recognised within legal frameworks on matrimony in European countries. The first section of this Special Issue examines the everyday, lived realities of Muslim marriage and divorce, and how these matrimonial transactions work in the given European environments.

These papers all reflect upon how Muslim communities in Europe engage a combination of existing state laws, and non-state community leaders and institutions, to regulate and resolve their matrimonial issues. European Muslims, these papers show, manage to navigate their lives in ways that blend these different domains of official and non-official legal governance, and often employ community-led mechanisms or institutions to handle their matrimonial lives.

The paper suggests a form of legal existence that takes place outside of the structures of the formal law. Tracing a longer term perspective of some of these community-level, quasi-legal practices, Justin Jones takes up the question of Muslim reliance on non-state alternative dispute resolution as means of handling disputes on family matters. He traces this trend to colonial South Asia, where Muslims developed their own community-based dispute resolution mechanisms which were thereafter transposed through migration into post-imperial Britain.

The second section of this Special Issue examines the challenges and dilemmas posed by transnational Muslim marriages: those marriages contracted outside of Europe and then encountering the legal systems of European countries.

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The increasing size and diversity of the Muslim population in Europe, combined with the spread, speed and scale of the arrival of refugees and migrants particularly since the start of the Syrian civil war inhave raised new questions in marriage law. Focusing on another issue arising from transnational marriages—that of the appearance of child marriages in Europe— Frederica Sona shows how marriages that were contracted outside of European jurisdictions pose a particular challenge to European family law, raising legitimate human rights concerns and causing numerous complexities in terms of recognition procedures.

In the final essay in this section, Nicole Stybnarova explores the policies of the European Union towards polygamous marriages and their encounter with the Private International Law. In different ways, the articles in this section all illustrate that the emancipatory claims of European matrimonial legal frameworks are not always matched by the actual experiences of women in Muslim marriages that lack unambiguous legal recognition.

Instead, women often find themselves suffering new kinds of subjugation, enacted both by states and by families. Of these four papers, the first Muslim speed dating birmingham 2013 chiefly consider the evolution of social attitudes among Muslim populations, and Muslim approaches to accommodation with European norms of marriage. The latter two then, in different ways, explore or suggest different means by which European states might accommodate Muslim matrimonial norms. He infers that Muslims in Germany are moving towards a synthesis of Western and Islamic modes of understanding of marriage and divorce, and suggests that the European context is producing a Muslim speed dating birmingham 2013 perspective that combines assumptions from both systems.

Focusing on Turkish-origin Muslims in the UK, their paper examines in particular how Muslim women navigate this issue within their own kinship networks, off-setting long-standing cultural assumptions and developing their own perspectives on Islamic teachings concerning interreligious marriage.

Shifting focus to consider how the contemporary state is reforming its policies towards Muslim marriages and how this might prompt useful solutions to legal problems, Vishal Vora takes up a recent, landmark court case concerning unregistered Muslim marriage in England. The articles in this Special Issue collectively represent the practices and understandings relating to Muslim marriages and divorce in the U.

The papers illustrate that Muslim matrimonial norms are constantly evolving as a result of social change, shifting assumptions in Islamic religious law, and the influence of local and state legal systems and politics. They also demonstrate how the transplantation of marriages across jurisdictions poses continuous legal, social, cultural and religious challenges to Muslim minorities in various European contexts. And, finally, the papers reveal the dynamic ways in which legislatures, courts and community leaders alike are incurring amendments in Muslim matrimonial practices. We hope that these papers will collectively make a useful contribution to these many debates.

We take this opportunity to express our thanks and appreciation to the Chief Editor, Dr. Saleha S. Mahmood, who was involved at every step in compiling this Special Issue and in editing every accepted paper. Their efforts have ensured an outstanding scholarly publication. Finally, we are grateful to the presenters and participants in both conferences and to the authors who subsequently contributed their papers for this Special Issue.

Our appreciation is also extended to our funders for their support for these two conferences in Birmingham and in Oxford respectively. Recommended articles lists articles that we recommend and is powered by our AI driven recommendation engine. Cited by lists all citing articles based on Crossref citations. Articles with the Crossref icon will open in a new tab.

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Journal home. Justin Jones View further author information. Yafa Shanneik View further author information. s Published online: 26 Mar Introduction In recent years there have been major ongoing debates in academia and in public life concerning the marriage and family practices observed by European Muslims, and the extent to which these do or can operate within or alongside the jurisdiction of local civil laws in European countries. An Over View A. Normative Muslim Matrimonial Transactions in the European Context The first section of this Special Issue examines the everyday, lived realities of Muslim marriage and divorce, and how these matrimonial transactions work in the given European environments.

Dilemmas of Transnational Islamic Matrimonial Practices The second section of this Special Issue examines the challenges and dilemmas posed by transnational Muslim marriages: those marriages contracted outside of Europe and then encountering the legal systems of European countries. Concluding Remarks The articles in this Special Issue collectively represent the practices and understandings relating to Muslim marriages and divorce in the U.

Acknowledgements We take this opportunity to express our thanks and appreciation to the Chief Editor, Dr. Justin Jones. Yafa Shanneik. More Share Options. Related research People also read lists articles that other readers of this article have read.

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Muslim speed dating birmingham 2013

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