South american chicks

Added: Maegen Westfield - Date: 08.12.2021 00:08 - Views: 31958 - Clicks: 8494

Unsurprisingly, when I visit these sites, I often meet others who share my interest in timeworn architecture and ancient civilizations. I think these nice people are earnestly looking for something that is just not there. Same effect. OK, so maybe my feet are planted just a little too firmly on the ground, but I will admit that even I was very much in awe of the grandeur, and yes, the mystery of Machu Picchu.

And I continue to wonder how and why ancient South Americans drew lines in the Nazca desert miles south of Machu Picchu that from the air are obviously giant pictures of animals, birds, and fish, but from the ground are meaningless. And I wonder about South American chickens. This is a chicken blog, you know.

Is this a human, or is it a chicken? Or is it an alien? Credit: Diego Delso, delso. Who knows? When the Spanish first arrived in South America they noted the fact that there were already chickens there! People were keeping domestic chickens! Chickens, like cows, pigs, and sheep, are supposedly Old-World animals. How did they get there? Flying saucers, anybody? About years ago, somebody in East Asia domesticated the chicken. Every chicken alive today is descended from the East Asian jungle fowl, and like every other domestic animal, they have changed from their wild ancestors and developed a wide variety of forms.

Today there are hundreds of breeds of chickens, each with its own characteristics—different sizes, feathers in an assortment of patterns and colors, and even eggs in a range of sizes and colors. Some of the most unique chickens in the world come from South America. Araucana chickens, whose bloodlines are all South American, are tailless chickens that have interestingly tufted ears and lay blue eggs. The Araucana breed was developed from chickens acquired from the Mapuche people of western South America a group whom the Spanish originally referred to as the Araucanos.

Taillessness, or rumplessness, has arisen several times and in several chicken populations around the world as a spontaneous mutation — all rumpless chickens alive today are descended from these mutations. The blue egg mutation has only occurred twice — once in China and once in South America — thus all blue-egg-laying chickens South american chicks descended from one of these two original populations.

The ear tufts mutation only occurred in South America so all chickens with ear tufts have South American ancestry. If a chick gets genes for ear tufts from South american chicks parents it will die in the egg prior to hatching due to a malformation of its throat and ear channel. So tufted chickens are carrying the tuft genes from only one parent and if they mate with another tufted chicken, only half their offspring will be tufted. One quarter will be non-tufted, and one quarter will die before hatching. Scientists are continually gaining a clearer picture of the populating of the Americas through the study of geology, ancient climates, carbon-dating of archaeological relics, and the analysis of Native American DNA and languages.

All of this scientific work points to human migrations from Siberia to Beringia around 24, years ago. Beringia was an area about the size of Texas that connected Siberia with Alaska. It was mostly surrounded by glaciers and was dry land because the ocean levels were much lower since so much water was locked up in glacier ice. The human migrants lived in Beringia for thousands of years and became genetically distinct from their Siberian cousins. As the last ice age began South american chicks end and gaps opened up in the glacial wall to the south, the Beringians traveled south and populated the Americas.

The largest migration started 15, years ago and there were a few smaller ones after that. By 10, years ago, the glaciers had melted so much that Beringia flooded and Siberia and Alaska became separated by water. From that point forward Beringia has existed only beneath the ocean waves and there has been no land connection between Siberia and the Americas.

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Beringia disappeared under the ocean 10, years ago, cutting off Asia from the Americas. Yet when the Pizarro arrived in Peru inhe found chickens happily clucking, pecking, and scratching in the American soil! There are numerous early references to the use of chickens in Incan religious practices.

Would the Incas have been able to get chickens through some sort of trading network with others who had already been in contact with the Spanish and then so thoroughly incorporate them into their culture that they were being used for religious ceremonies South american chicks span of a mere 40 years?

Quechua is the language of the Incas — it is still spoken today in many areas of Peru. It is natural the Inca would have used the Spanish name for animals introduced by the Spanish since they had never seen those animals before and had no name for them. So, in Quechua, horse is kawella Spanish for horse is caballo ; cow is waca Spanish for cow is vaca ; and sheep is oweja Spanish for sheep is oveja.

See the similarity? Then we look at chicken related words — Quechua words for hen, rooster, and egg are achawalalkaachawaland runturespectively.

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Which are nothing at all like the Spanish words naming the same things, gallina, galloand huevo. Which suggests that hens, roosters, and eggs were already known to the Inca before the Spanish arrived. InAlice A. They found pottery shards at the site that they dated, using thermoluminescence to And they found chicken bones as well that they radio-carbon dated to the same time period — long before Columbus sailed the ocean blue! Needless to say, this got the attention of the entire scientific press, and it also generated tons of controversy.

Another researcher tested the South american chicks and found them not to be that old. Then others tested them as well, and by today it is fairly accepted across the scientific community that the bones really are that old. Suddenly it all made sense! Polynesians are known have populated islands across the Pacific by navigating huge swaths of oceans in their canoes.

Then there was more controversy. We have South American chickens that are genetically unique- different genetically from both European and Polynesian chickens and also genetically implausible because of two sets of lethal genes.

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And many indicators point to them being in South America for a long, long time — long before the Spanish arrived. So, where did they come from and how did they get there? Radiocarbon dating cannot be performed on material that was never alive. In fact the shards were dated using thermoluminescence dating. Randy's Chicken Blog archived site on Blogger. Randy's Chicken Blog Home. About Me. Contact Me. Follow me on Facebook! Oct Randy Graham. Show 2 comments.

South american chicks

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The Origin of the Araucana Chicken is a Murky, Fascinating Mystery